charisma

[kuh-riz-muh]
noun, plural charismata [kuh-riz-muh-tuh] .
1.
Theology. a divinely conferred gift or power.
2.
a spiritual power or personal quality that gives an individual influence or authority over large numbers of people.
3.
the special virtue of an office, function, position, etc., that confers or is thought to confer on the person holding it an unusual ability for leadership, worthiness of veneration, or the like.
Also, charism [kar-iz-uhm] .


Origin:
1635–45; < Late Latin < Greek, equivalent to char- (base of cháris favor, charízesthai to favor; akin to yearn, exhort) + -isma -ism


2. charm, magnetism, presence.
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World English Dictionary
charisma or charism (kəˈrɪzmə, ˈkærɪzəm)
 
n
1.  a special personal quality or power of an individual making him capable of influencing or inspiring large numbers of people
2.  a quality inherent in a thing which inspires great enthusiasm and devotion
3.  Christianity a divinely bestowed power or talent
 
[C17: from Church Latin, from Greek kharisma, from kharis grace, favour]
 
charism or charism
 
n
 
[C17: from Church Latin, from Greek kharisma, from kharis grace, favour]
 
charismatic or charism
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

charisma
c.1930, from Ger., used by Max Weber (1864-1920) in "Wirtschaft u. Gesellschaft" (1922) for "gift or power of leadership or authority," from Gk. kharisma "favor, divine gift," from kharizesthai "to show favor to," from charis "grace, beauty, kindness," related to chairein "to rejoice at," from PIE base
*gher- "to desire, like." More mundane sense of "personal charm" first recorded 1959.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
charisma [(kuh-riz-muh)]

Extraordinary power and appeal of personality; natural ability to inspire a large following.

Note: Political leaders such as John F. Kennedy, religious leaders such as Martin Luther King, Jr., and entertainment figures such as Greta Garbo have all been described as charismatic.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
In his third attempt, he has gotten it but not for his charism or his politic program.
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