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area of Berlin, Ger., on the Spree River. Originally called Lietzenburg, it was renamed for Sophie Charlotte, wife of Frederick I, king of Prussia, and was chartered in 1705. It was incorporated into Berlin in 1920. The palace, built in 1695-99 for the Queen, contains collections of antiquities, paintings, and musical instruments. In the palace park is the Mausoleum (heavily damaged in World War II) with the graves of Frederick William III and Louise of Prussia. Virtually destroyed during World War II, the Baroque Eosander Chapel in Charlottenburg Palace has been restored. The former Technische Hochschule of Charlottenburg was reopened in 1946 as a university. The stadium in Charlottenburg was the scene of the 1936 Olympic Games. The Opera House, several museums, and colleges of art and music are in the locality.