type of liqueur, 1866, from monastery of Carthusian order, which was founded 11c. and named for the massif de la Chartreuse (M.L. Carthusianus) mountain group in the Fr. Alps, where its first monastery was built. The liqueur recipe dates from early 17c.; the original now marketed as Les Pères Chartreux. The color (1884) is so called from resemblance to the pale apple-green hue of the best type of the liqueur.