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Charterhouse

[chahr-ter-hous] /ˈtʃɑr tərˌhaʊs/
noun, plural Charterhouses
[chahr-ter-hou-ziz] /ˈtʃɑr tərˌhaʊ zɪz/ (Show IPA)
1.
a Carthusian monastery.
2.
the hospital and charitable institution founded in London, in 1611, on the site of a Carthusian monastery.
3.
the public school into which this hospital was converted.
4.
the modern heir of this school, now located in Surrey.
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English < Anglo-French chartrouse (taken as charter + house), after Chatrousse, village in Dauphiné near which the order was founded; see Carthusian, whence the first r of the AF word
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for charter-house

Charterhouse

/ˈtʃɑːtəˌhaʊs/
noun
1.
a Carthusian monastery
Word Origin
C16: changed by folk etymology from Anglo-French chartrouse, after Chartosse (now Saint-Pierre-de-Chartreuse), village near Grenoble, France, the original home of the Carthusian order
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for charter-house

Charterhouse

great English public school founded in London in 1611, a folk etymology alteration of chartreux (see chartreuse); it was founded upon the site of a Carthusian monastery.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for charter-house

Charterhouse

a well-known school and charitable foundation that is now in Godalming, Surrey, Eng. The name Charterhouse is a corruption of the French Chartreuse (the location of the first Carthusian monastery). The name is found in various places in England-e.g., Charterhouse in the Mendip Hills, near Cheddar, and, notably the London Charterhouse in the City of London, near Aldersgate-where religious houses of the Carthusian Order had been established in the Middle Ages. After the London Charterhouse was dissolved in 1535, the property changed hands several times until, in 1671, the owner endowed a hospital on the site and bequeathed money for a chapel, hospital (almshouse), and school. Charterhouse school provided an education for poor but scholarly youths. The school was removed in 1872 to Godalming in Surrey. Famous pupils of Charterhouse school include Roger Williams, founder of Rhode Island (U.S.); the literary critic Joseph Addison; Sir Richard Steele; John Wesley; Sir William Blackstone; William Makepeace Thackeray; and Robert Baden-Powell, founder of the Boy Scout movement

Learn more about Charterhouse with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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