charter-house

Charterhouse

[chahr-ter-hous]
noun, plural Charterhouses [chahr-ter-hou-ziz] .
1.
a Carthusian monastery.
2.
the hospital and charitable institution founded in London, in 1611, on the site of a Carthusian monastery.
3.
the public school into which this hospital was converted.
4.
the modern heir of this school, now located in Surrey.

Origin:
1400–50; late Middle English < Anglo-French chartrouse (taken as charter + house), after Chatrousse, village in Dauphiné near which the order was founded; see Carthusian, whence the first r of the AF word

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World English Dictionary
Charterhouse (ˈtʃɑːtəˌhaʊs)
 
n
a Carthusian monastery
 
[C16: changed by folk etymology from Anglo-French chartrouse, after Chartosse (now Saint-Pierre-de-Chartreuse), village near Grenoble, France, the original home of the Carthusian order]

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