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Hasidism

[has-i-diz-uh m, hah-si-] /ˈhæs ɪˌdɪz əm, ˈhɑ sɪ-/
noun, Judaism.
1.
the principles and practices of the Hasidim.
Also, Hassidism, Chasidism, Chassidism.
Origin

Chassid

[khah-sid, hah-; Ashkenazic Hebrew khaw-sid; Sephardic Hebrew khah-seed] /ˈxɑ sɪd, ˈhɑ-; Ashkenazic Hebrew ˈxɔ sɪd; Sephardic Hebrew xɑˈsid/
noun, plural Chassidim
[khah-sid-im, hah-; Ashkenazic Hebrew khaw-see-dim; Sephardic Hebrew khah-see-deem] /xɑˈsɪd ɪm, hɑ-; Ashkenazic Hebrew xɔˈsi dɪm; Sephardic Hebrew xɑ siˈdim/ (Show IPA).
Judaism.
1.
Also, Chasid.
Related forms
Chassidic
[hah-sid-ik, huh-] /hɑˈsɪd ɪk, hə-/ (Show IPA),
adjective
Chassidism, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for chassidism

Chassid

/ˈhæsɪd; Hebrew xəˈsid/
noun (pl) Chassidim, Chasidim, Hassidim, Hasidim (ˈhæsɪˌdiːm; -dɪm; Hebrew) (xasɪˈdim)
1.
a sect of Jewish mystics founded in Poland about 1750, characterized by religious zeal and a spirit of prayer, joy, and charity
2.
a Jewish sect of the 2nd century bc, formed to combat Hellenistic influences
Derived Forms
Chassidic, Chasidic, Hassidic, Hasidic (həˈsɪdɪk) adjective
Chassidism, Chasidism, Hassidism, Hasidism, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Encyclopedia Article for chassidism

Hasidism

(from Hebrew hasid, "pious one"), a 12th- and 13th-century Jewish religious movement in Germany that combined austerity with overtones of mysticism. It sought favour with the common people, who had grown dissatisfied with formalistic ritualism and had turned their attention to developing a personal spiritual life, as reflected in the movement's great work, Sefer Hasidim.

Learn more about Hasidism with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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