chatelaines

chatelaine

[shat-l-eyn; French shahtuh-len]
noun, plural chatelaines [shat-l-eynz; French shahtuh-len] .
1.
the mistress of a castle.
2.
the mistress of an elegant or fashionable household.
3.
a hooklike clasp or a chain for suspending keys, trinkets, scissors, a watch, etc., worn at the waist by women.
4.
a woman's lapel ornament resembling this.

Origin:
1835–45; < French châtelaine. See chatelain

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World English Dictionary
chatelaine (ˈʃætəˌleɪn, French ʃɑtlɛn)
 
n
1.  (esp formerly) the mistress of a castle or fashionable household
2.  a chain or clasp worn at the waist by women in the 16th to the 19th centuries, with handkerchief, keys, etc, attached
3.  a decorative pendant worn on the lapel

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

chatelaine
1845, from Fr. châtelaine (fem. of châtelain) "a female castellan; mistress of a castle or country house."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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