chatter mark

chatter mark

noun
1.
a mark left by a tool that has been chattering.
2.
Geology. any of a series of irregular gouges made on rock surfaces by the slipping of rock fragments held in the lower portion of a glacier.

Origin:
1885–90

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
chatter mark
 
n
1.  any of a series of grooves, pits, and scratches on the surface of a rock, usually made by the movement of a glacier
2.  another name for chatter

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

chatter mark

small, curved fracture found on glaciated rock surfaces. Chatter marks are commonly 1-5 centimetres (12-2 inches) but may be submicroscopic or as much as 50 cm in length. They occur mainly on hard, brittle rocks such as granite and are formed under a glacier by the pressure and impact of boulders moved along by irregular rolling or sliding. The resulting pattern of impacts has been likened to the "chatter" of a carpenter's chisel slipping along the surface of a piece of wood. Chatter marks are commonly arranged in nested series, with the orientation of the fractures at right angles to the direction of glacial movement. Three main types are recognized: the crescentic gouge, which is concave upstream and is made by the removal of a chip of rock; the crescentic fracture, which is concave downstream and also made by the removal of rock; and the lunate fracture, which is also concave downstream but without the removal of rock. Chatter marks in a series commonly decrease in size downstream.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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