|a screen or mat covered with a dark material for shielding a camera lens from excess light or glare.|
|a scrap or morsel of food left at a meal.|
|—vb (when intr, |
|1.||to deceive or practise deceit, esp for one's own gain; trick or swindle (someone)|
|2.||(intr) to obtain unfair advantage by trickery, as in a game of cards|
|3.||(tr) to escape or avoid (something unpleasant) by luck or cunning: to cheat death|
|4.||informal to be sexually unfaithful to (one's wife, husband, or lover)|
|5.||a person who cheats|
|6.||a deliberately dishonest transaction, esp for gain; fraud|
|8.||law the obtaining of another's property by fraudulent means|
|9.||the usual US name for rye-brome|
|[C14: short for |
A number of high-profile instances involving plagiarism and resume padding that were reported in 2001 continued to capture headlines in 2002 and to bring increased scrutiny to the methodology of cheating. Though historian Doris Kearns Goodwin maintained that the cribbing in her book The Fitzgeralds and the Kennedys (1987) was unintentional, her reputation was severely damaged, and in June she resigned her post on the Pulitzer Prize board. Fellow historian Stephen Ambrose apologized in January for having failed to acknowledge his source material in at least six books. (See Obituaries.) After Piper (Kan.) High School teacher Christine Pelton accused some students of having taken material from the Internet for a botany project, gave them all failing grades in 2001, and had her decision overruled by the school board in December, she resigned in February 2002; other teachers were inspired to follow suit as well, and the handling of the incident sparked a national uproar. Pulitzer Prize-winning historian Joseph Ellis lost his credibility and was suspended in 2001 for one year from teaching at Mount Holyoke College, South Hadley, Mass., after it became known that he had fabricated stories about military exploits in Vietnam and subsequent activity in the peace and civil rights movements. Football coach George O'Leary lost his dream job in 2002 at the University of Notre Dame a few days after signing his contract when "inaccuracies" sprang up in his resume.
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