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chemise

[shuh-meez] /ʃəˈmiz/
noun
1.
a woman's loose-fitting, shirtlike undergarment.
2.
(in women's fashions) a dress designed to hang straight from the shoulders and fit loosely at the waist, sometimes more tightly at the hip.
3.
a revetment for an earth embankment.
Origin
1050
before 1050; Middle English < Anglo-French, Old French: shirt < Late Latin camīsa linen undergarment, shirt; replacing Middle English kemes, Old English cemes < Late Latin camīsa
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for chemise
  • The lands in this area are susceptible to wildland fires and are characterized by chaparral and chemise vegetation ecosystem.
  • Clad in a loose chemise and seated before a washstand and mirror, she performs the routine task of coiling her hair.
  • Underneath, she wears a dainty lingerie set made up of tap pants and a strapless chemise with garters and stockings.
British Dictionary definitions for chemise

chemise

/ʃəˈmiːz/
noun
1.
an unwaisted loose-fitting dress hanging straight from the shoulders
2.
a loose shirtlike undergarment
Also called shift
Word Origin
C14: from Old French: shirt, from Late Latin camisa, perhaps of Celtic origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for chemise
n.

late Old English, cemes "shirt," from Old French chemise "shirt, undertunic, shift," or directly from Late Latin camisia "shirt, tunic" (Jerome; also source of Italian camicia, Spanish camisa); originally a soldier's word, probably via Gaulish, from Proto-Germanic *khamithjan (cf. Old Frisian hemethe, Old Saxon hemithi, Old English hemeðe, German hemd "shirt"), from PIE root *kem- "to cover, cloak" (cf. heaven). The French form took over after c.1200. Related: Chemisette.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for chemise

loose, shirtlike garment worn by women in the European Middle Ages under their gowns (also called a chemise). The smock later became a loose, yoked, shirtlike outer garment of coarse linen, used to protect the clothes; it was worn, for example, by fieldworkers in Europe.

Learn more about chemise with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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