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chemotherapy

[kee-moh-ther-uh-pee, kem-oh-] /ˌki moʊˈθɛr ə pi, ˌkɛm oʊ-/
noun, Medicine/Medical
1.
the treatment of disease by means of chemicals that have a specific toxic effect upon the disease-producing microorganisms or that selectively destroy cancerous tissue.
Compare pharmacotherapy.
Origin
1905-1910
1905-10; chemo- + therapy
Related forms
chemotherapist, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for chemo-therapy

chemotherapy

/ˌkiːməʊˈθɛrəpɪ; kiːmə-/
noun
1.
treatment of disease, esp cancer, by means of chemical agents Compare radiotherapy
Derived Forms
chemotherapist, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for chemo-therapy

chemotherapy

n.

1906, from German Chemotherapie, coined by German biochemist Paul Ehrlich (1854-1915), from chemo- + therapie (see therapy).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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chemo-therapy in Medicine

chemotherapy che·mo·ther·a·py (kē'mō-thěr'ə-pē, kěm'ō-)
n.

  1. The treatment of cancer using specific chemical agents or drugs that are selectively destructive to malignant cells and tissues.

  2. The treatment of disease using chemical agents or drugs that are selectively toxic to the causative agent of the disease, such as a virus or other microorganism.


che'mo·ther'a·peu'tic (-pyōō'tĭk) adj.
che'mo·ther'a·peu'ti·cal·ly adv.
che'mo·ther'a·pist n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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chemo-therapy in Science
chemotherapy
  (kē'mō-thěr'ə-pē)   
  1. The treatment of disease, especially cancer, using drugs that are destructive to malignant cells and tissues.

  2. The treatment of disease using chemical agents or drugs that are selectively toxic to the causative agent of the disease, such as a microorganism.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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chemo-therapy in Culture
chemotherapy [(kee-moh-ther-uh-pee)]

The treatment of disease with chemicals. The term chemotherapy often refers to a kind of treatment for cancer in which chemicals are administered to destroy cancer cells.

Note: There are often side effects to chemotherapy, a common one being the temporary loss of hair.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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