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cherimoya

[cher-uh-moi-uh] /ˌtʃɛr əˈmɔɪ ə/
noun
1.
a tropical American tree, Annona cherimola, having leaves with velvety, hairy undersides and yellow-to-brown fragrant flowers.
2.
the large, edible fruit of this tree, having leathery, scalelike skin and soft pulp.
Also, cherimoyer
[cher-uh-moi-er] /ˌtʃɛr əˈmɔɪ ər/ (Show IPA),
cherimolla
[cher-uh-moi-uh] /ˌtʃɛr əˈmɔɪ ə/ (Show IPA),
chirimoya.
Origin
1730-1740
1730-40; < American Spanish chirimoya name of the fruit; of uncertain origin; alleged analysis as Quechua chiri cold + muyu wheel, circle is probably spurious
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Encyclopedia Article for cherimoyer

cherimoya

tree of the custard apple family (Annonaceae), of the order Magnoliales. It is native to frost-free, higher elevations throughout tropical America and is widely cultivated in the Old World tropics for its pulpy, edible fruits weighing about 0.5 kg (1 pound). It is also grown commercially in California. The tree grows up to 9 metres (30 feet) tall but in cultivation is kept pruned to about 5 metres with a 6-metre spread to permit hand pollination of the 2.5-centimetre (1-inch), fleshy, white, fragrant flowers. Cherimoya trees have long and elliptically shaped, light green and velvety leaves. The large, globose, pale green fruits are smooth or have round protrusions, and the flesh is white and pulpy, with a sweet, acid flavour. A few black, bean-size seeds are embedded in the pulp. The crushed seeds are used as insecticides in Mexico and Guatemala, as are the seeds of the sugar apple, or sweetsop (A. squamosa). A hybrid, A. atemoya, produced by crossing a cherimoya with a sweetsop, tastes like the cherimoya, ships better than either parent, and is less likely to split than the sugar apple.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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