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chervonets

[cher-voh-nits, -nets; Russian chyir-vaw-nyits] /tʃərˈvoʊ nɪts, -nɛts; Russian tʃyɪrˈvɔ nyɪts/
noun, plural chervontsi
[cher-vohnt-see; Russian chyir-vawn-tsi] /tʃərˈvoʊnt si; Russian tʃyɪrˈvɔn tsɪ/ (Show IPA)
1.
a former gold coin and monetary unit of the U.S.S.R., equal to ten rubles.
Also, tchervonetz.
Origin
1920-1925
1920-25; < Russian chervónets, Old Russian chervon(n)yi a similar gold coin < Polish czerwony a gold coin, literally, red (apparently because gold of a high purity was thought to have a reddish cast), cognate with Czech červený, Serbo-Croatian cr̀ven, cr̀(v)ljen, Bulgarian chervén < Slavic *čṛvljen, orig. past participle of *čṛviti to dye red, derivative of *čṛvĭ worm, kermes (Serbo-Croatian cr̂v, Polish czerw, Russian chervʾ), a by-form of *čṛmĭ; compare OCS chrĭmĭnŭ red; see crimson, vermilion
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for chervontsi

chervonets

/tʃəˈvɔːnɛts/
noun
1.
(formerly) a Soviet monetary unit and gold coin worth ten roubles
Word Origin
from Old Russian červonyi, from Old Polish czerwony golden, purple
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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