[chi-kah-noh, -kan-oh]
noun, plural Chicanos.
a Mexican-American.
of or pertaining to Mexican-Americans or their culture.
Compare la raza.

1960–65; < Mexican Spanish, by shortening and alteration of mexicano Mexican Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
chicano (tʃɪˈkɑːnəʊ)
n , pl -nos
an American citizen of Mexican origin
[C20: from Spanish mejicano Mexican]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1947 (n.), from Mex.Sp. dialectal pronunciation of Mexicano "Mexican," with loss of initial unaccented syllable. Probably infl. by Sp. chico "boy," also used as a nickname. The adj. is first attested 1967.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
Chicanos [(chi-kah-nohz)]

Mexican-Americans; short for the Spanish word mexicanos, which is sometimes pronounced mechicanos. In recent years, Latino and Latina have become more widely used to describe Hispanic-Americans in general.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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