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chignon

[sheen-yon, sheen-yuhn; French shee-nyawn] /ˈʃin yɒn, ʃinˈyʌn; French ʃiˈnyɔ̃/
noun, plural chignons
[sheen-yonz, sheen-yuhnz; French shee-nyawn] /ˈʃin yɒnz, ʃinˈyʌnz; French ʃiˈnyɔ̃/ (Show IPA)
1.
a large, smooth twist, roll, or knot of hair, worn by women at the nape of the neck or the back of the head.
Origin
1775-1785
1775-85; < French: nape, roll of hair at nape, blend of Middle French chaignon (variant of chainon link, equivalent to chaine chain + -on noun suffix) and tignon twist of hair (tigne (< Latin tinea worm) + -on noun suffix)
Related forms
chignoned, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for chignoned

chignon

/ˈʃiːnjɒn; French ʃiɲɔ̃/
noun
1.
an arrangement of long hair in a roll or knot at the back of the head
Derived Forms
chignoned, adjective
Word Origin
C18: from French, from Old French chaignon link, from chainechain; influenced also by Old French tignon coil of hair, from tigne, moth, from Latin tinea moth
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for chignoned

chignon

n.

"knot or coil of hair worn at the back of the neck," from French chignon "nape of the neck," from Old French chaignon "iron collar, shackles, noose" (12c.), from Vulgar Latin *catenionem (nominative *catenio), from Latin catena "chain, fetter, restraint" (see chain (n.)). Popular 1780s, 1870s, 1940s. Form influenced in French by tignon "coil of hair."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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