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chloramphenicol

[klawr-am-fen-i-kawl, -kol, klohr-] /ˌklɔr æmˈfɛn ɪˌkɔl, -ˌkɒl, ˌkloʊr-/
noun, Pharmacology
1.
a colorless, crystalline, slightly water-soluble antibiotic, C 11 H 12 Cl 2 N 2 O 5 , obtained from cultures of Streptomyces venezuelae or synthesized: used chiefly in the treatment of infections caused by certain bacteria, by rickettsiae, and by certain viruses.
Origin of chloramphenicol
1945-1950
1945-50; chlor-2 + am(ido)- + phe(n)- + ni(tr)- + (gly)col
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for chloramphenicol

chloramphenicol

/ˌklɔːræmˈfɛnɪˌkɒl/
noun
1.
a broad-spectrum antibiotic used esp in treating typhoid fever and rickettsial infections: obtained from the bacterium Streptomyces venezuelae or synthesized. Formula: C11H12N2O5Cl2
Word Origin
C20: from chloro- + am(ido)- + phe(no)- + ni(tro)- + (gly)col
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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chloramphenicol in Medicine

chloramphenicol chlor·am·phen·i·col (klôr'ām-fěn'ĭ-kôl', -kōl')
n.
A broad-spectrum oral antibiotic derived from the soil bacterium Streptomyces venezuelae or produced synthetically.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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chloramphenicol in Science
chloramphenicol
  (klôr'ām-fěn'ĭ-kôl', -kōl')   
An antibiotic derived from the soil bacterium Streptomyces venezuelae or produced synthetically, and effective against a broad spectrum of microorganisms. Chemical formula: C11H12Cl2N2O5.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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