Choleraic

cholera

[kol-er-uh]
noun
1.
Also called Asiatic cholera. Pathology. an acute, infectious disease, endemic in India and China and occasionally epidemic elsewhere, characterized by profuse diarrhea, vomiting, cramps, etc.
2.
Veterinary Pathology. any of several diseases of domesticated animals that are characterized by depression, sleepiness, lack of appetite, and diarrhea.


Origin:
1350–1400 for sense of choler (def 2); 1565–75 for current senses; Middle English < Latin < Greek choléra name of several intestinal diseases

choleraic [kol-uh-rey-ik] , adjective
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World English Dictionary
cholera (ˈkɒlərə)
 
n
Asiatic cholera, epidemic cholera, Also called: Indian cholera an acute intestinal infection characterized by severe diarrhoea, cramp, etc: caused by ingestion of water or food contaminated with the bacterium Vibrio comma
 
[C14: from Latin, from Greek kholera jaundice, from kholē bile]
 
'choleroid
 
adj

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

cholera
late 14c., "choler, bile, melancholy," from L. cholera, from Gk. kholera "a type of disease characterized by diarrhea, supposedly caused by choler" (Celsus), from khole "gall, bile," from khloazein "to be green," from khloros (see Chloe). But another sense of khole was "drainpipe,
gutter." Revived 1565 as a name for a severe digestive disorder (rarely fatal to adults); and 1704 (especially as cholera morbus), for a highly lethal disease endemic in India, periodically breaking out in global epidemics.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

cholera chol·er·a (kŏl'ər-ə)
n.

  1. An acute epidemic infectious disease caused by Vibrio cholerae, characterized by profuse watery diarrhea, extreme loss of fluid and electrolytes, and prostration.

  2. Any of various diseases of domesticated animals marked by severe gastroenteritis.


chol'e·ra'ic (-ə-rā'ĭk) adj.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
cholera   (kŏl'ər-ə)  Pronunciation Key 
An infectious, sometimes fatal disease of the small intestine caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. It is spread from contaminated water and food and causes severe diarrhea, vomiting, and dehydration.
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Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
cholera [(kol-uh-ruh)]

An acute disease, and an infectious disease, caused by a kind of bacterium that affects the intestines. Transmitted by food or water that has been contaminated with raw sewage, cholera is often fatal and is characterized by severe vomiting, diarrhea, and collapse.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
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Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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