chop off

chop

1 [chop]
verb (used with object), chopped, chopping.
1.
to cut or sever with a quick, heavy blow or a series of blows, using an ax, hatchet, etc. (often followed by down, off, etc.): to chop down a tree.
2.
to make or prepare for use by so cutting: to chop logs.
3.
to cut in pieces; mince (often followed by up ): to chop up an onion; to chop meat.
4.
(in tennis, cricket, etc.) to hit (a ball) with a chop stroke.
5.
to weed and thin out (growing cotton) with a hoe.
6.
Fox Hunting. (of a hound or pack) to attack and kill (a fox that has not begun to run).
verb (used without object), chopped, chopping.
7.
to make a quick, heavy stroke or a series of strokes, as with an ax.
8.
Boxing. to throw or deliver a short blow, especially a downward one while in a clinch.
9.
(in tennis, cricket, etc.) to employ or deliver a chop stroke.
10.
to go, come, or move suddenly or violently.
noun
11.
an act or instance of chopping.
12.
a cutting blow.
13.
Boxing. a short blow, especially a downward one, executed while in a clinch.
14.
a piece chopped off.
15.
an individual cut or portion of meat, as mutton, lamb, veal, or pork, usually one containing a rib.
16.
crushed or ground grain used as animal feed.
17.
a short, irregular, broken motion of waves; choppiness: There's too much chop for rowing today.
18.
rough, turbulent water, as of a sea or lake.
Idioms
20.
chop/cut down to size. cut ( def 89 ).

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English choppen; variant of chap1


1. See cut.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
chop1 (tʃɒp)
 
vb (often foll by down or off) (often foll by up) , chops, chopping, chopped
1.  to cut (something) with a blow from an axe or other sharp tool
2.  (tr) to produce or make in this manner: to chop firewood
3.  to cut into pieces
4.  informal (Brit) (tr) to dispense with or reduce
5.  (intr) to move quickly or violently
6.  sport to hit (a ball) sharply downwards
7.  boxing, martial arts to punch or strike (an opponent) with a short sharp blow
8.  (W African) an informal word for eat
 
n
9.  a cutting blow
10.  the act or an instance of chopping
11.  a piece chopped off
12.  a slice of mutton, lamb, or pork, generally including a rib
13.  slang (Austral), (NZ) a share (esp in the phrase getorhop in for one's chop)
14.  (W African) an informal word for food
15.  (Austral), (NZ) a competition of skill and speed in chopping logs
16.  sport a sharp downward blow or stroke
17.  informal (Austral), (NZ) not much chop not much good; poor
18.  slang the chop dismissal from employment
 
[C16: variant of chap1]

chop2 (tʃɒp)
 
vb , chops, chopping, chopped
1.  (intr) to change direction suddenly; vacillate (esp in the phrase chop and change)
2.  obsolete to barter
3.  chop logic to use excessively subtle or involved logic or argument
 
[Old English ceapian to barter; see cheap, chapman]

chop3 (tʃɒp)
 
n
a design stamped on goods as a trademark, esp in the Far East
 
[C17: from Hindi chhāp]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

chop
"to cut," mid-14c., perhaps from O.Fr. (Picard) choper, from O.Fr. coper "to cut off," from V.L. *cuppare "to decapitate," infl. by couper "to strike." Meaning "slice of meat" is c.1640; hence, chop-house (1680s).

chop
"shift," O.E. ceapian "to bargain" (see cheap), here with a sense of "changing back and forth."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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