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chop1

[chop] /tʃɒp/
verb (used with object), chopped, chopping.
1.
to cut or sever with a quick, heavy blow or a series of blows, using an ax, hatchet, etc. (often followed by down, off, etc.):
to chop down a tree.
2.
to make or prepare for use by so cutting:
to chop logs.
3.
to cut in pieces; mince (often followed by up):
to chop up an onion; to chop meat.
4.
(in tennis, cricket, etc.) to hit (a ball) with a chop stroke.
5.
to weed and thin out (growing cotton) with a hoe.
6.
Fox Hunting. (of a hound or pack) to attack and kill (a fox that has not begun to run).
verb (used without object), chopped, chopping.
7.
to make a quick, heavy stroke or a series of strokes, as with an ax.
8.
Boxing. to throw or deliver a short blow, especially a downward one while in a clinch.
9.
(in tennis, cricket, etc.) to employ or deliver a chop stroke.
10.
to go, come, or move suddenly or violently.
noun
11.
an act or instance of chopping.
12.
a cutting blow.
13.
Boxing. a short blow, especially a downward one, executed while in a clinch.
14.
a piece chopped off.
15.
an individual cut or portion of meat, as mutton, lamb, veal, or pork, usually one containing a rib.
16.
crushed or ground grain used as animal feed.
17.
a short, irregular, broken motion of waves; choppiness:
There's too much chop for rowing today.
18.
rough, turbulent water, as of a sea or lake.
Idioms
20.
chop / cut down to size. cut (def 89).
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English choppen; variant of chap1
Synonyms
1. See cut.

chop2

[chop] /tʃɒp/
verb (used without object), chopped, chopping.
1.
to turn, shift, or change suddenly:
The wind chopped to the west.
2.
to vacillate; change one's mind.
3.
Obsolete.
  1. to barter.
  2. to bandy words; argue.
Idioms
4.
chop logic, to reason or dispute argumentatively; draw unnecessary distinctions.
Origin
1425-75; variant of obsolete chap barter, Middle English chappen (with vowel as in chapman), chepen, Old English cēapian to trade (derivative of cēap sale, trade; see cheap)
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for chopping

chop1

/tʃɒp/
verb chops, chopping, chopped
1.
often foll by down or off. to cut (something) with a blow from an axe or other sharp tool
2.
(transitive) to produce or make in this manner: to chop firewood
3.
(transitive) often foll by up. to cut into pieces
4.
(transitive) (Brit, informal) to dispense with or reduce
5.
(intransitive) to move quickly or violently
6.
(sport) to hit (a ball) sharply downwards
7.
(boxing, martial arts) to punch or strike (an opponent) with a short sharp blow
8.
(W African) an informal word for eat
noun
9.
a cutting blow
10.
the act or an instance of chopping
11.
a piece chopped off
12.
a slice of mutton, lamb, or pork, generally including a rib
13.
(Austral & NZ, slang) a share (esp in the phrase get or hop in for one's chop)
14.
(W African) an informal word for food
15.
(Austral & NZ) a competition of skill and speed in chopping logs
16.
(sport) a sharp downward blow or stroke
17.
(Austral & NZ, informal) not much chop, not much good; poor
18.
(slang) the chop, dismissal from employment
Word Origin
C16: variant of chap1

chop2

/tʃɒp/
verb chops, chopping, chopped
1.
(intransitive) to change direction suddenly; vacillate (esp in the phrase chop and change)
2.
(obsolete) to barter
3.
chop logic, to use excessively subtle or involved logic or argument
Word Origin
Old English ceapian to barter; see cheap, chapman

chop3

/tʃɒp/
noun
1.
a design stamped on goods as a trademark, esp in the Far East
Word Origin
C17: from Hindi chhāp
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for chopping
adj.

"large and thriving," 1560s, past participle adjective from chop (v.). Cf. strapping, whopping in similar sense.

chopping. An epithet frequently applied to infants, by way of ludicrous commendation: imagined by Skinner to signify lusty, from cas Sax. by others to mean a child that would bring money at a market. Perhaps a greedy, hungry child, likely to live. [Johnson]

chop

v.

"to cut with a quick blow," mid-14c., of uncertain origin, perhaps from Old North French choper (Old French coper "to cut, cut off," 12c., Modern French couper), from Vulgar Latin *cuppare "to behead," from a root meaning "head," but influenced in Old French by couper "to strike." Related: Chopped; chopping.

"shift quickly," 1530s, earlier "to bargain" (early 15c.), ultimately from Old English ceapian "to bargain" (see cheap); here with a sense of "changing back and forth," probably from common expressions such as to chop and change "barter." To chop logic is recorded from 1570s. Related: Chopped; chopping.

n.

"act of chopping," mid-14c., from chop (v.1). Meaning "piece cut off" is mid-15c.; specifically "slice of meat" from mid-17c. Sense of "a blow, strike" is from 1550s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for chopping

chop

noun
  1. Grade or quality: The food here is first chop
  2. A rude or mean-spirited remark: a chop to the innocent girl

[1823+; fr Hindi, ''seal'']


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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