chromatophores

chromatophore

[kruh-mat-uh-fawr, -fohr, kroh-muh-tuh]
noun
1.
Zoology. a cell containing pigment, especially one that through contraction and expansion produces a temporary color, as in cuttlefishes.
2.
Botany. one of the colored plastids in plant cells.

Origin:
1860–65; chromato- + -phore

chromatophoric [kruh-mat-uh-fawr-ik, for-ik, kroh-muh-tuh] , chromatophorous [kroh-muh-tof-er-uhs] , adjective
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World English Dictionary
chromatophore (ˈkrəʊmətəˌfɔː)
 
n
1.  a cell in the skin of frogs, chameleons, etc, in which pigment is concentrated or dispersed, causing the animal to change colour
2.  another name for chromoplast
 
chromato'phoric
 
adj
 
chromatophorous
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

chromatophores
1864, from chromato-, Latinized comb. form of Gk. khroma "color" (see chromatic) + Gk. -phoros "bearing, bearer."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

chromatophore chro·mat·o·phore (krō-māt'ə-fôr')
n.

  1. A specialized pigment-bearing organelle in certain photosynthetic bacteria and cyanobacteria.

  2. A pigment-bearing phagocyte found chiefly in the skin, mucous membrane, and choroid coat of the eye, as well as in melanomas. Also called pigment cell.

  3. Variant of chromophore.


chro·mat'o·phor'ic (-fôr'ĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
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