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chromatophore

[kruh-mat-uh-fawr, -fohr, kroh-muh-tuh‐] /krəˈmæt əˌfɔr, -ˌfoʊr, ˈkroʊ mə tə‐/
noun
1.
Zoology. a cell containing pigment, especially one that through contraction and expansion produces a temporary color, as in cuttlefishes.
2.
Botany. one of the colored plastids in plant cells.
Origin
1860-1865
1860-65; chromato- + -phore
Related forms
chromatophoric
[kruh-mat-uh-fawr-ik, ‐for-ik, kroh-muh-tuh‐] /krəˌmæt əˈfɔr ɪk, ‐ˈfɒr ɪk, ˈkroʊ mə tə‐/ (Show IPA),
chromatophorous
[kroh-muh-tof-er-uh s] /ˌkroʊ məˈtɒf ər əs/ (Show IPA),
adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for chromatophoric

chromatophore

/ˈkrəʊmətəˌfɔː/
noun
1.
a cell in the skin of frogs, chameleons, etc, in which pigment is concentrated or dispersed, causing the animal to change colour
2.
another name for chromoplast
Derived Forms
chromatophoric, chromatophorous (ˌkrəʊməˈtɒfərəs) adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for chromatophoric

chromatophore

n.

"pigment cell," 1864, from chromato- + Greek -phoros "bearing, bearer," from pherein "to carry" (see infer).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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chromatophoric in Medicine

chromatophore chro·mat·o·phore (krō-māt'ə-fôr')
n.

  1. A specialized pigment-bearing organelle in certain photosynthetic bacteria and cyanobacteria.

  2. A pigment-bearing phagocyte found chiefly in the skin, mucous membrane, and choroid coat of the eye, as well as in melanomas. Also called pigment cell.

  3. Variant of chromophore.


chro·mat'o·phor'ic (-fôr'ĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Article for chromatophoric

chromatophore

pigment-containing cell in the deeper layers of the skin of animals. Depending on the colour of their pigment, chromatophores are termed melanophores (black), erythrophores (red), xanthophores (yellow), or leucophores (white). The distribution of the chromatophores and the pigments they contain determine the colour patterns of an organism.

Learn more about chromatophore with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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