any of several composite plants of the genus Chrysanthemum, as C. leucanthemum, the oxeye daisy, having white ray flowers with a yellow center.
any cultivated variety of the plant C. morifolium, native to China, and of other species of Chrysanthemum, notable for the diversity of color and size of their autumnal flowers.
the flower of any such plant.

1570–80; < Latin < Greek chrȳsánthemon, equivalent to chrȳs- chrys- + ánthemon flower, akin to ánthos; see antho- Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
chrysanthemum (krɪˈsænθəməm)
1.  any widely cultivated plant of the genus Chrysanthemum, esp C. morifolium of China, having brightly coloured showy flower heads: family Asteraceae (composites)
2.  any other plant of the genus Chrysanthemum, such as oxeye daisy
[C16: from Latin: marigold, from Greek khrusanthemon, from khrusos gold + anthemon flower]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1551, from L., from Gk. khrysanthemon "marigold," lit. "golden flower," from khrysos "gold" (see chrysalis) + anthemon "a flower," from PIE *andh- "bloom."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Pyrethrins are a pesticide created from the chrysanthemum flower.
Sweeter than you might expect, because of the addition of chrysanthemum leaves and spices.
With the red and gold chrysanthemum pennon snapping over a fender, his maroon car rolled past his surprised subjects.
Chrysanthemum tea has many medicinal uses, including an aid in recovery from influenza.
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