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chrysanthemum

[kri-san-thuh-muh m] /krɪˈsæn θə məm/
noun
1.
any of several composite plants of the genus Chrysanthemum, as C. leucanthemum, the oxeye daisy, having white ray flowers with a yellow center.
2.
any cultivated variety of the plant C. morifolium, native to China, and of other species of Chrysanthemum, notable for the diversity of color and size of their autumnal flowers.
3.
the flower of any such plant.
Origin
1570-1580
1570-80; < Latin < Greek chrȳsánthemon, equivalent to chrȳs- chrys- + ánthemon flower, akin to ánthos; see antho-
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for chrysanthemum
  • Pyrethrins are a pesticide created from the chrysanthemum flower.
  • Sweeter than you might expect, because of the addition of chrysanthemum leaves and spices.
  • With the red and gold chrysanthemum pennon snapping over a fender, his maroon car rolled past his surprised subjects.
  • chrysanthemum tea has many medicinal uses, including an aid in recovery from influenza.
British Dictionary definitions for chrysanthemum

chrysanthemum

/krɪˈsænθəməm/
noun
1.
any widely cultivated plant of the genus Chrysanthemum, esp C. morifolium of China, having brightly coloured showy flower heads: family Asteraceae (composites)
2.
any other plant of the genus Chrysanthemum, such as oxeye daisy
Word Origin
C16: from Latin: marigold, from Greek khrusanthemon, from khrusos gold + anthemon flower
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for chrysanthemum
n.

1550s, from Latin chrysanthemum, from Greek khrysanthemon "marigold," literally "golden flower," from khrysos "gold" (see chrysalis) + anthemon "a flower," from PIE *andh- "bloom" (see anther).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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