any of several composite plants of the genus Chrysanthemum, as C. leucanthemum, the oxeye daisy, having white ray flowers with a yellow center.
any cultivated variety of the plant C. morifolium, native to China, and of other species of Chrysanthemum, notable for the diversity of color and size of their autumnal flowers.
the flower of any such plant.

1570–80; < Latin < Greek chrȳsánthemon, equivalent to chrȳs- chrys- + ánthemon flower, akin to ánthos; see antho- Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
chrysanthemum (krɪˈsænθəməm)
1.  any widely cultivated plant of the genus Chrysanthemum, esp C. morifolium of China, having brightly coloured showy flower heads: family Asteraceae (composites)
2.  any other plant of the genus Chrysanthemum, such as oxeye daisy
[C16: from Latin: marigold, from Greek khrusanthemon, from khrusos gold + anthemon flower]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1551, from L., from Gk. khrysanthemon "marigold," lit. "golden flower," from khrysos "gold" (see chrysalis) + anthemon "a flower," from PIE *andh- "bloom."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
They all chose either white or yellow chrysanthemums, and they all had to queue
  up in the crowded hallway outside the consulate.
Chrysanthemums rise from a blue and white porcelain pot cropped by the edge of
  the print.
However, some potential alternatives for caladiums and chrysanthemums have been
Bamboo containers are featured on some of the dining tables, and chrysanthemums
  are included in the floral arrangements.
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