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Denotation vs. Connotation

chum1

[chuhm] /tʃʌm/
noun
1.
a close or intimate companion:
boyhood chums.
2.
a roommate, as at college.
verb (used without object), chummed, chumming.
3.
to associate closely.
4.
to share a room or rooms with another, especially in a dormitory at a college or prep school.
Origin of chum1
1675-1685
1675-85; of uncertain origin

chum2

[chuhm] /tʃʌm/
noun
1.
cut or ground bait dumped into the water to attract fish to the area where one is fishing.
2.
fish refuse or scraps discarded by a cannery.
verb (used without object), chummed, chumming.
3.
to fish by attracting fish by dumping cut or ground bait into the water.
verb (used with object), chummed, chumming.
4.
to dump chum into (a body of water) so as to attract fish.
5.
to lure (fish) with chum:
They chummed the fish with hamburger.
Origin
1855-60, Americanism; of uncertain origin
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for chummed
Historical Examples
  • To this profession also Simpson belonged, on whom Mr. Pickwick was ‘chummed’ in the Fleet prison.

    Charles Dickens and Music James T. Lightwood
  • And, if I recollect right, he chummed in with publicans and sinners.

    Keziah Coffin Joseph C. Lincoln
  • I found out before my wedding that one of their men had been hanging about here, so I chummed up to him.

    Hugo Arnold Bennett
  • I chummed with them—yes—on gold-fields and in other places where a man has got to show the stuff that's in him.

    The Rescue Joseph Conrad
  • Yes, of course; you'll be chummed with some fellow on Monday, and you can sit here till then.

    Tom Brown's Schooldays Thomas Hughes
  • I saw him nearly every evening, and in fact, we chummed together.

  • Rose and I have chummed together—all this season—and part of last—and—it's a hateful profession!

    Trelawny of The "Wells" Arthur W. Pinero
  • It was a big day for the McReadys when Chub chummed up with you, my boy.

  • Ruby Ellwell brought out her engagement to Bradley, the young stock broker her father had chummed with.

    The Man Who Wins Robert Herrick
  • Those two have chummed together so long their methods are similar.

British Dictionary definitions for chummed

chum1

/tʃʌm/
noun
1.
(informal) a close friend
verb chums, chumming, chummed
2.
(intransitive) usually foll by up with. to be or become an intimate friend (of)
3.
(transitive) (Scot) to accompany: I'll chum you home
Word Origin
C17 (meaning: a person sharing rooms with another): probably shortened from chamber fellow, originally student slang (Oxford); compare crony

chum2

/tʃʌm/
noun
1.
(angling, mainly US & Canadian) chopped fish, meal, etc, used as groundbait
Word Origin
C19: origin uncertain

chum3

/tʃʊm/
noun
1.
a Pacific salmon, Oncorhynchus keta
Word Origin
from Chinook Jargon tsum spots, marks, from Chinook
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for chummed

chum

n.

"friend," 1680s, originally university slang for "roommate," from alternative spelling of cham, short for chamber(mate); typical of the late-17c. fondness for clipped words. Among derived forms used 19c. were chumship; chummery "shared bachelor quarters," chummage "system of quartering more than one to a room."

"fish bait," 1857, perhaps from Scottish chum "food."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for chummed

chum 2

noun

: Augie, start dumping the chum over

verb

To throw ground-up bait into the water to attract fish: to chum for blues

[1850s+; origin unknown]

chum 1

noun

  1. A very close friend; buddy, pal (1680s+ Students)
  2. Man; fellow; guy •Used in direct address esp to strangers, usually with mildly hostile overtones: Keep guessing, chum (1940s+)

verb

(also chum around): He chums with Georgie Ogle (1880s+)

[origin uncertain, but earlier uses strongly suggest chamber-mate or chamber-fellow as the etymon]

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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17
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