Dispel gloominess from your forehead: the modest man generally carries the look of a sullen one; the reserved, of a churl.
"Let me get something for myself," he says, like the churl in Theocritus.
He is only a churl who won't play for such a stake as that, and lose or win, by George!
A man is a churl who enforces laws, when he himself has not the strength to observe them.
"No Saxon churl shall hope to carry off this prize from me," thought Sir Guy.
What more could you do, had he bestowed her upon a churl, a losel or a slave?
"Fetch the English churl, and ask him if he knows who these are," said the Dane.
Only the churl will refuse to lend you a book you cannot afford to buy.
The mummers and the people were gathered round them and they saw the churl's face get black with vexation.
"By my halidom, churl—" He stopped to glance at the fat man.
Old English ceorl "peasant, freeman, man without rank," from Proto-Germanic *kerlaz, *karlaz (cf. Old Frisian zerl "man, fellow," Middle Low German kerle, Dutch kerel "freeman of low degree," German Kerl "man, husband," Old Norse karl "old man, man").
It had various meaning in early Middle English, including "man of the common people," "a country man," "husbandman," "free peasant;" by 1300, it meant "bondman, villain," also "fellow of low birth or rude manners." For words for "common man" that acquire an insulting flavor over time, compare boor, villain. In this case, however, the same word also has come to mean "king" in many languages (e.g. Lithuanian karalius, Czech kral, Polish krol) via Charlemagne.
in Isa. 32:5 (R.V. marg., "crafty"), means a deceiver. In 1 Sam. 25:3, the word churlish denotes a man that is coarse and ill-natured, or, as the word literally means, "hard." The same Greek word as used by the LXX. here is found in Matt. 25:24, and there is rendered "hard."