A lot vs. Alot: 9 Grammatical Pitfalls
also hutzpah, 1892, from Yiddish khutspe "impudence, gall." from Hebrew hutspah. The classic definition is that given by Leo Rosten: "that quality enshrined in a man who, having killed his mother and father, throws himself on the mercy of the court because he is an orphan."
Yiddish term for courage bordering on arrogance, roughly equivalent to “nerve” (in the slang sense): “It took a lot of chutzpah to make such a controversial statement.”
Bright andenergetic; vivacious: a nice, wholesome, chirpy, reasonably intelligent woman (1830s+)