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1827, coined in Modern Latin by French physician René-Théophile-Hyacinthe Laennec (1781-1826) with -osis and Greek kirrhos "tawny," of unknown origin. So called for the orange-yellow appearance of the diseased liver. Related: Cirrhotic.
cirrhosis cir·rho·sis (sĭ-rō'sĭs)
A chronic disease of the liver characterized by the replacement of normal tissue with fibrous tissue and the loss of functional liver cells. It can result from alcohol abuse, nutritional deprivation, or infection especially by the hepatitis virus.
Chronic interstitial inflammation of any tissue or organ. Also called fibroid induration.
A chronic disease of the liver characterized by the replacement of normal tissue with scar tissue and the loss of functional liver cells. It is most commonly caused by chronic alcohol abuse, but can also result from nutritional deprivation or infection, especially by the hepatitis virus.