follow Dictionary.com

Submit your word to be a Word of the Day!

cirrhosis

[si-roh-sis] /sɪˈroʊ sɪs/
noun, Pathology
1.
a disease of the liver characterized by increase of connective tissue and alteration in gross and microscopic makeup.
Origin
1830-1840
1830-40; < Greek kirrh(ós) orange-tawny + -osis
Related forms
cirrhotic
[si-rot-ik] /sɪˈrɒt ɪk/ (Show IPA),
adjective
cirrhosed, adjective
Can be confused
cirrhosis, xerosis.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source
Examples from the web for cirrhotic
  • cirrhotic patients with ascites are at risk of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis.
British Dictionary definitions for cirrhotic

cirrhosis

/sɪˈrəʊsɪs/
noun
1.
any of various progressive diseases of the liver, characterized by death of liver cells, irreversible fibrosis, etc: caused by inadequate diet, excessive alcohol, chronic infection, etc Also called cirrhosis of the liver
Derived Forms
cirrhosed, adjective
cirrhotic (sɪˈrɒtɪk) adjective
Word Origin
C19: New Latin, from Greek kirrhos orange-coloured + -osis; referring to the appearance of the diseased liver
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Cite This Source
Word Origin and History for cirrhotic

cirrhosis

n.

1827, coined in Modern Latin by French physician René-Théophile-Hyacinthe Laennec (1781-1826) with -osis and Greek kirrhos "tawny," of unknown origin. So called for the orange-yellow appearance of the diseased liver. Related: Cirrhotic.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
cirrhotic in Medicine

cirrhosis cir·rho·sis (sĭ-rō'sĭs)
n.

  1. A chronic disease of the liver characterized by the replacement of normal tissue with fibrous tissue and the loss of functional liver cells. It can result from alcohol abuse, nutritional deprivation, or infection especially by the hepatitis virus.

  2. Chronic interstitial inflammation of any tissue or organ. Also called fibroid induration.


cir·rhot'ic (-rŏt'ĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cite This Source
cirrhotic in Science
cirrhosis
  (sĭ-rō'sĭs)   
A chronic disease of the liver characterized by the replacement of normal tissue with scar tissue and the loss of functional liver cells. It is most commonly caused by chronic alcohol abuse, but can also result from nutritional deprivation or infection, especially by the hepatitis virus.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
Cite This Source
cirrhotic in Culture
cirrhosis [(suh-roh-sis)]

A chronic disease of the liver, characterized by replacement of normal liver cells with a form of connective tissue. Owing to the scarring caused by this disease, irreversible damage to the liver can result.

Note: Cirrhosis is often associated with alcoholism.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Cite This Source

Word of the Day

Difficulty index for cirrhosis

Some English speakers likely know this word

Word Value for cirrhotic

16
17
Scrabble Words With Friends

Nearby words for cirrhotic