Military. mention of a soldier or a unit in orders, usually for gallantry: She recieved a presidential citation.
any award or commendation, as for outstanding service, hard work, or devotion to duty, especially a formal letter or statement recounting a person's achievements. official praise; award; honor, laurel, reward, kudos.
a summons, especially to appear in court.
a document containing such a summons.
the act of citing or quoting a reference to an authority or a precedent.
a passage cited; quotation. excerpt, passage, extract, quote.
Also, cite. a quotation showing a particular word or phrase in context.
Also, cite. mention or enumeration.

1250–1300; Middle English citacio(u)n < Late Latin citātiōn- (stem of citātiō), equivalent to Latin citāt(us) past participle of citāre (see cite1) + -iōn- -ion

citational, adjective
noncitation, noun
precitation, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
citation (saɪˈteɪʃən)
1.  the quoting of a book or author in support of a fact
2.  a passage or source cited for this purpose
3.  a listing or recounting, as of facts
4.  an official commendation or award, esp for bravery or outstanding service, work, etc, usually in the form of a formal statement made in public
5.  law
 a.  an official summons to appear in court
 b.  the document containing such a summons
6.  law the quoting of decided cases to serve as guidance to a court

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1300, from O.Fr. citation, from L. citationem (nom. citatio) "a command," pp. of citare "to summon" (see cite). Meaning "passage cited, quotation" is from 1540s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
In her research, she has found citations for several mola that were quite large
  in length but not weighed in a reliable manner.
The many citations of recondite literature do not escape the suspicion of
  parade and pedantry.
The poetical citations so freely introduced are expected to answer several
  valuable purposes.
Markowitz's other duties as host included awarding citations to a variety of
  local politicians and civic leaders.
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