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[sahy-tey-shuh n] /saɪˈteɪ ʃən/
Military. mention of a soldier or a unit in orders, usually for gallantry:
She recieved a presidential citation.
any award or commendation, as for outstanding service, hard work, or devotion to duty, especially a formal letter or statement recounting a person's achievements.
a summons, especially to appear in court.
a document containing such a summons.
the act of citing or quoting a reference to an authority or a precedent.
a passage cited; quotation.
Also, cite. a quotation showing a particular word or phrase in context.
Also, cite. mention or enumeration.
1250-1300; Middle English citacio(u)n < Late Latin citātiōn- (stem of citātiō), equivalent to Latin citāt(us) past participle of citāre (see cite1) + -iōn- -ion
Related forms
citational, adjective
noncitation, noun
precitation, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for citations
  • In her research, she has found citations for several mola that were quite large in length but not weighed in a reliable manner.
  • The many citations of recondite literature do not escape the suspicion of parade and pedantry.
  • The poetical citations so freely introduced are expected to answer several valuable purposes.
  • Markowitz's other duties as host included awarding citations to a variety of local politicians and civic leaders.
  • These citations of ordinary folks are always so hokey.
  • Of course there are various ways of measuring performance--by the number of published papers or by citations, for example.
  • He wrote to the publisher and pointed out six such citations.
  • For further information about the article and human chemical exposure, there are numerous links and citations.
  • There have been some stories in the news recently about cities that have taken to arresting people for traffic citations.
  • My reading of the citations is that you don't have to join the program.
British Dictionary definitions for citations


the quoting of a book or author in support of a fact
a passage or source cited for this purpose
a listing or recounting, as of facts
an official commendation or award, esp for bravery or outstanding service, work, etc, usually in the form of a formal statement made in public
  1. an official summons to appear in court
  2. the document containing such a summons
(law) the quoting of decided cases to serve as guidance to a court
Derived Forms
citatory (ˈsaɪtətərɪ; -trɪ) adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for citations



c.1300, "summons, written notice to appear," from Old French citation or directly from Latin citationem (nominative citatio) "a command," noun of action from past participle stem of citare "to summon, urge, call; put in sudden motion, call forward; rouse, excite" (see cite). Meaning "passage cited, quotation" is from 1540s. From 1918 as "a mention in an official dispatch."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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