citral a

citral

[si-truhl]
noun Chemistry.
a pale yellow, water-insoluble, liquid aldehyde, C 10 H 16 O, having a strong lemonlike odor, consisting in natural form of two isomers (citral a or geranial and citral b or neral) usually obtained from the oils of lemon and orange or synthetically: used chiefly in perfumery, flavoring, and the synthesis of vitamin A.

Origin:
1890–95; citr(us) + -al1

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World English Dictionary
citral (ˈsɪtrəl)
 
n
a yellow volatile liquid with a lemon-like odour, found in oils of lemon grass, orange, and lemon and used in perfumery: a terpene aldehyde consisting of the cis- isomer (citral-a or geranial) and the trans- isomer (citral-b or neral). Formula: (CH3)2C:CH(CH2)2C(CH3):CHCHO
 
[C19: from citr(us) + -al³]

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