civil liberty

noun Usually, civil liberties.
1.
the freedom of a citizen to exercise customary rights, as of speech or assembly, without unwarranted or arbitrary interference by the government.
2.
such a right as guaranteed by the laws of a country, as in the U.S. by the Bill of Rights.

Origin:
1635–45

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
civil liberty
 
n
the right of an individual to certain freedoms of speech and action

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

civil liberties definition


In general, the rights to freedom of thought, expression, and action, and the protection of these rights from government interference or restriction. Civil liberties are the hallmark of liberal, democratic “free” societies. In the United States, the Bill of Rights guarantees a variety of civil liberties, most notably freedom of assembly, freedom of the press, freedom of religion, and freedom of speech, expressed in the First Amendment. (See civil rights.)

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
They are interested in going after the bad guys and they've done a good job of
  that without compromising civil liberties.
And your society is probably autocratic with few political and civil liberties.
In the days since, a media firestorm has ensued over a perceived violation of
  civil liberties by transit system officials.
For me, this civics lesson at the mailbox joined together privacy and civil
  liberties.
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