civil law

the body of laws of a state or nation regulating ordinary private matters, as distinct from laws regulating criminal, political, or military matters.
Roman History. the body of law proper to the city or state of Rome, as distinct from that common to all nations. Compare jus civile.
systems of law influenced significantly and in various ways by Roman law, especially as contained in the Corpus Juris Civilis, as distinct from the common law and canon or ecclesiastical law.

1375–1425; late Middle English

civil-law, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
civil law
1.  the law of a state relating to private and civilian affairs
2.  the body of law in force in ancient Rome, esp the law applicable to private citizens
3.  any system of law based on the Roman system as distinguished from the common law and canon law
4.  the law of a state as distinguished from international law

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