city, seat of Harrison county, northern West Virginia, U.S. The city lies along the West Fork River. Settled in 1772, it was named for General George Rogers Clark, a noted Virginia frontiersman. Shortly thereafter Thomas Nutter arrived and built a fort near the site where the town of Nutter Fort (now a southeastern suburb) developed. Clarksburg was chartered as a town in 1785, although it had served as the county seat of Harrison since the formation of the county in 1784. The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, which arrived in 1856, brought economic prosperity, as did the opening of coalfields (1870) and oil fields (1889) nearby. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson, the Confederate military leader, was born there in 1824, as was John W. Davis (1873), a lawyer, diplomat, and 1924 presidential candidate.
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