clinometer

[klahy-nom-i-ter, kli-]
noun
an instrument for determining angles of inclination or slope.

Origin:
1805–15; clino- + -meter

clinometry, noun
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World English Dictionary
clinometer (klaɪˈnɒmɪtə)
 
n
an instrument used in surveying for measuring an angle of inclination
 
clinometric
 
adj
 
clino'metrical
 
adj
 
cli'nometry
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

clinometer
"measurer of slopes and elevations," 1811, from clino-, ult. from Gk. kinein (see lean (v.)) + -meter.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Make your own clinometer by gluing a protractor to a piece of cardboard, then
  threading a weighted string through the center.
Slope gradient is usually measured with a hand level or clinometer.
For measurements on the slope the vertical angles are determined by use of a
  clinometer or a transit.
We measured nest height in meters from the ground to the rim of the nest with a
  clinometer.
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