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clitoris

[klit-er-is, klahy-ter-, kli-tawr-is, -tohr-] /ˈklɪt ər ɪs, ˈklaɪ tər-, klɪˈtɔr ɪs, -ˈtoʊr-/
noun, Anatomy
1.
the erectile organ of the vulva, homologous to the penis of the male.
Origin
1605-1615
1605-15; < Greek kleitorís, akin to kleíein to shut
Related forms
clitoral, clitoric
[kli-tawr-ik, -tor-, klahy-] /klɪˈtɔr ɪk, -ˈtɒr-, klaɪ-/ (Show IPA),
clitoridean
[klit-uh-rid-ee-uh n, klahy-tuh-] /ˌklɪt əˈrɪd i ən, ˌklaɪ tə-/ (Show IPA),
adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for clitoral

clitoris

/ˈklɪtərɪs; ˈklaɪ-/
noun
1.
a part of the female genitalia consisting of a small elongated highly sensitive erectile organ at the front of the vulva: homologous with the penis
Derived Forms
clitoral, adjective
Word Origin
C17: from New Latin, from Greek kleitoris; related to Greek kleiein to close
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for clitoral
adj.

1887, from stem of clitoris + -al (1). Related: Clitorally. Alternative form clitorial is attested from 1879.

clitoris

n.

"erectile organ of female mammals," 1610s, coined in Modern Latin from Late Greek kleitoris, a diminutive, but the exact sense intended by the coiners is uncertain. Perhaps from Greek kleiein "to sheathe," also "to shut," in reference to its being covered by the labia minora. The related Greek noun form kleis has a second meaning of "a key, a latch or hook (to close a door);" see close (v.), and cf. slot (n.2).

Alternatively, perhaps related to Greek kleitys, a variant of klitys "side of a hill," itself related to klinein "to slope," from the same root as climax (see lean (v.)), and with a sense of "little hill." Some ancient medical sources give a supposed Greek verb kleitoriazein "to touch or titillate lasciviously, to tickle" (cf. German slang der Kitzler "clitoris," literally "the tickler"), but the verb is likely from the anatomy in this case.

The anatomist Mateo Renaldo Colombo (1516-1559), professor at Padua, claimed to have discovered it ("De re anatomica," 1559, p. 243). He called it amor Veneris, vel dulcedo "the love or sweetness of Venus." It had been known earlier to women.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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clitoral in Medicine

clitoris clit·o·ris (klĭt'ər-ĭs, klī'tər-)
n. pl. cli·to·ri·des (klĭ-tôr'ĭ-dēz')
A small erectile body situated at the anterior portion of the vulva and projecting between the branched extremities of the labia minora forming its prepuce and frenulum.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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clitoral in Science
clitoris
  (klĭt'ər-ĭs, klĭ-tôr'ĭs)   
A sensitive external organ of the reproductive system in female mammals and some other animals that is capable of becoming erect. It is located above or in front of the urethra.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for clitoral

clitoris

female erogenous organ capable of erection under sexual stimulation. A female homologue of the male penis, the clitoris develops (as does the penis) from the genital tubercle of the fetus, and it plays an important role in female sexual response

Learn more about clitoris with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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