having the parts or elements near to one another:
a close formation of battleships.
a close texture; a close weave.
being in or having proximity in space or time:
The barn is so close to the house that you can hear the animals. His birthday is in May, close to mine.
marked by similarity in degree, action, feeling, etc.:
This dark pink is close to red. He left her close to tears.
near, or near together, in kind or relationship:
a flower close to a rose; a close relative.
intimate or confidential; dear.
based on a strong uniting feeling of respect, honor, or love:
a close circle of friends.
a close, clinging negligee.
(of a haircut or shave, the mowing of a lawn, etc.) so executed that the hair, grass, or the like is left flush with the surface or very short.
not deviating from the subject under consideration.
strict; searching; minute:
The matter requires close investigation.
not deviating from a model or original:
a close, literal translation.
nearly even or equal:
a close contest.
shut; shut tight; not open:
a close hatch.
completely enclosing or surrounding:
a close siege preventing all escape.
without opening; with all openings covered or closed
lacking fresh or freely circulating air:
a hot, close room.
a spell of close, sultry weather.
narrowly confined, as a prisoner.
practicing or keeping secrecy; secretive; reticent:
She is so close that you can tell her all your secrets.
He is very close with his money.
not open to public or general admission, competition, etc.:
The entire parish participated in the close communication.
(of a delimiting punctuation mark) occurring at the end of a group of words or characters that is set off, as from surrounding text:
close parentheses; close quotes; close brackets.
Hunting, Angling. closed
(of a vowel) articulated with a relatively small opening between the tongue and the roof of the mouth.
(of a bird) represented as having folded wings:
an eagle close.
Archaic. viscous; not volatile.
(noun, adj.) Middle English clos
< Anglo-French, Old French
< Latin clausus,
past participle of claudere
to close (cf. clause
); (v.) Middle English closen,
verbal derivative of the adj. (compare Old English clȳsan, beclȳsan
to shut in, enclose, verbal derivative of clūse
bar, enclosure < Medieval Latin clūsa,
for Latin clausa,
feminine of clausus
); noun and adj. senses with voiced pronunciation of s
are presumably modern deverbal derivatives
closable, closeable [kloh-zuh-buh l] /ˈkloʊ zə bəl/ Show IPA, adjectiveclosely [klohs-lee] /ˈkloʊs li/ Show IPA, adverbcloseness [klohs-nis] /ˈkloʊs nɪs/ Show IPA, nounnonclose, adjectivenonclosely, adverboverclose, adjectiveoverclosely, adverbovercloseness, nounpreclose, verb (used with object), preclosed, preclosing.unclosable, adjective
Can be confused
(see synonym study at the current entry)
bar; clog; choke. Close, shut
mean to cause something not to be open. Close
suggests blocking an opening or vacant place: to close a breach in a wall.
The word shut
refers especially to blocking or barring openings intended for entering and leaving: to shut a door, gate, etc.,
can be used in this sense, too: to close a door, gate, etc. 8.
complete, end, conclude, terminate, finish. 21.
stop; suspend. 26.
firm, solid. 27.
immediate, proximate, nearby. 35.
intent, concentrated. 36.
scrupulous, exacting, accurate, faithful. 45.
muggy, thick. 47.
taciturn, uncommunicative, reserved. 48.
penurious, miserly, tight, mean. See stingy1