closed shop

noun
a factory, office, or other business establishment in which union membership is a condition of being hired as well as of continued employment.
Compare open shop.


Origin:
1900–05, Americanism

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
closed shop
 
n
open shop Compare union shop (formerly) an industrial establishment in which there exists a contract between a trade union and the employer permitting the employment of the union's members only

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

closed shop definition


Technically, a business in which employees must join a labor union before being hired. This practice is now illegal. The term is used synonymously with union shop.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
It actually closed shop a year earlier than planned, and earned a tidy profit.
Taxi driving, a job in which immigrants often predominate, is another closed
  shop.
New-home sales are sluggish and many builders have either closed shop or filed
  for bankruptcy court protection.
Stiles closed shop and also packed to leave the territory.
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