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[kloh-cher] /ˈkloʊ tʃər/ U.S. Parliamentary Procedure
a method of closing a debate and causing an immediate vote to be taken on the question.
verb (used with object), verb (used without object), clotured, cloturing.
to close (a debate) by cloture.
Origin of cloture
1870-75; < French clôture, Middle French closture < Vulgar Latin *clōstūra, alteration of Latin clōstra, claustra, plural of claustrum barrier. See claustral, -ure Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for cloture


closure in the US Senate
(transitive) to end (debate) in the US Senate by cloture
Word Origin
C19: from French clôture, from Old French closure
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for cloture

1871, the French word for "closure, the action of closing," applied to debates in the French Assembly ("action of closing (debate) by will of a majority"), then to the House of Commons and U.S. Congress, from French clôture, from Old French closture (see closure). It was especially used in English by those opposed to the tactic.

In foreign countries the Clôture has been used notoriously to barricade up a majority against the "pestilent" criticism of a minority, and in this country every "whip" and force is employed by the majority to re-assert its continued supremacy and to keep its ranks intact whenever attacked. How this one-sided struggle to maintain solidarity can be construed into "good for all" is inexplicable in the sense uttered. ["The clôture and the Recent Debate, a Letter to Sir J. Lubbock," London, 1882]

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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cloture in Culture
cloture [(kloh-chuhr)]

A vote of a legislature used to stop debate on an issue and put the issue to a vote. (See filibuster.)

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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