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disease of plants of the mustard family (Cruciferae) caused by the fungus Plasmodiophora brassicae. Susceptible plants include broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, kohlrabi, mustard, radish, turnip, alyssum, honesty, rockcress, stock, sweet alyssum, shepherd's purse, and yellow-rocket. Affected plants are stunted, yellowed; they wilt during hot, sunny days and partially recover at night. In the early stages roots are greatly distorted by a mass of small to large "clubs," often spindle-like, but in a variety of shapes. The fungus may survive in infested soil 10 years or more. The disease is spread from one area to another by diseased transplants, infested surface-drainage water, manure, crop refuse, and soil on shoes, tools, and equipment. Clubroot is most severe in cool, poorly drained, acid to neutral soils.