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coarse

[kawrs, kohrs] /kɔrs, koʊrs/
adjective, coarser, coarsest.
1.
composed of relatively large parts or particles:
The beach had rough, coarse sand.
2.
lacking in fineness or delicacy of texture, structure, etc.:
The stiff, coarse fabric irritated her skin.
3.
harsh; grating.
4.
lacking delicacy, taste, or refinement; unpolished:
He had coarse manners but an absolutely first-rate mind.
5.
of inferior or faulty quality; common; base.
6.
vulgar; obscene; crude:
His coarse language angered us.
7.
(of metals) unrefined.
8.
(of a metal file) having the maximum commercial grade of coarseness.
Origin
1550-1560
1550-60; earlier cors(e), course, cowarce; of obscure origin
Related forms
coarsely, adverb
coarseness, noun
uncoarse, adjective
uncoarsely, adverb
uncoarseness, noun
Can be confused
coarse, course, curse, cuss.
Synonyms
2, 4. crude, rude, rough. 4. vulgar, gross, crass. 6. indelicate.
Antonyms
4. refined, sensitive.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for coarsest

coarse

/kɔːs/
adjective
1.
rough in texture, structure, etc; not fine: coarse sand
2.
lacking refinement or taste; indelicate; vulgar: coarse jokes
3.
of inferior quality; not pure or choice
4.
(of a metal) not refined
5.
(of a screw) having widely spaced threads
Derived Forms
coarsely, adverb
coarseness, noun
Word Origin
C14: of unknown origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for coarsest

coarse

adj.

early 15c., cors "ordinary" (modern spelling is from late 16c.), probably adjectival use of noun cours (see course (n.)), originally referring to rough cloth for ordinary wear. Developed a sense of "rude" c.1500 and "obscene" by 1711. Perhaps related, via metathesis, to French gros, which had a similar sense development. Related: Coarsely; coarseness.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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