cognate

[kog-neyt]
adjective
1.
related by birth; of the same parentage, descent, etc.
2.
Linguistics. descended from the same language or form: such cognate languages as French and Spanish.
3.
allied or similar in nature or quality.
noun
4.
a person or thing cognate with another.
5.
a cognate word: The English word cold is a cognate of German kalt.

Origin:
1635–45; < Latin cognātus, equivalent to co- co- + -gnātus (past participle of gnāscī, nāscī to be born)

cognateness, noun
cognatic [kog-nat-ik] , adjective
noncognate, adjective, noun
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World English Dictionary
cognate (ˈkɒɡneɪt)
 
adj
1.  akin; related: cognate languages
2.  Compare agnate related by blood or descended from a common maternal ancestor
3.  grammar cognate object a noun functioning as the object of a verb to which it is etymologically related, as in think a thought or sing a song
 
n
4.  something that is cognate with something else
 
[C17: from Latin cognātus, from co- same + gnātus born, variant of nātus, past participle of nāscī to be born]
 
'cognately
 
adv
 
'cognateness
 
n
 
cog'nation
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

cognate
c.1645, from L. cognatus "of common descent," from com- "together" + gnatus, pp. of gnasci, older form of nasci "to be born" (see genus). Words that are cognates are cousins, not siblings.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Certainly there will be some cognates and indeed the romance languages are full of cognates among them.
Cognates that sound the same but have alternate meanings are called false cognates.
None of these verbs are cognates and it has always been difficult for beginning students to remember this vocabulary.
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