cognatic

cognate

[kog-neyt]
adjective
1.
related by birth; of the same parentage, descent, etc.
2.
Linguistics. descended from the same language or form: such cognate languages as French and Spanish.
3.
allied or similar in nature or quality.
noun
4.
a person or thing cognate with another.
5.
a cognate word: The English word cold is a cognate of German kalt.

Origin:
1635–45; < Latin cognātus, equivalent to co- co- + -gnātus (past participle of gnāscī, nāscī to be born)

cognateness, noun
cognatic [kog-nat-ik] , adjective
noncognate, adjective, noun
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World English Dictionary
cognate (ˈkɒɡneɪt)
 
adj
1.  akin; related: cognate languages
2.  Compare agnate related by blood or descended from a common maternal ancestor
3.  grammar cognate object a noun functioning as the object of a verb to which it is etymologically related, as in think a thought or sing a song
 
n
4.  something that is cognate with something else
 
[C17: from Latin cognātus, from co- same + gnātus born, variant of nātus, past participle of nāscī to be born]
 
'cognately
 
adv
 
'cognateness
 
n
 
cog'nation
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

cognate
c.1645, from L. cognatus "of common descent," from com- "together" + gnatus, pp. of gnasci, older form of nasci "to be born" (see genus). Words that are cognates are cousins, not siblings.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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