collateral

[kuh-lat-er-uhl]
noun
1.
security pledged for the payment of a loan: He gave the bank some stocks and bonds as collateral for the money he borrowed.
2.
Anatomy.
a.
a subordinate or accessory part.
b.
a side branch, as of a blood vessel or nerve.
3.
a relative descended from the same stock, but in a different line.
adjective
4.
accompanying; auxiliary: He received a scholarship and collateral aid.
5.
additional; confirming: collateral evidence; collateral security.
6.
secured by collateral: a collateral loan.
7.
aside from the main subject, course, etc.; secondary: These accomplishments are merely collateral to his primary goal.
8.
descended from the same stock, but in a different line; not lineal: A cousin is a collateral relative.
9.
pertaining to those so descended.
10.
situated at the side: a collateral wing of a house.
11.
situated or running side by side; parallel: collateral ridges of mountains.
12.
Botany. standing side by side.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English (< Anglo-French) < Medieval Latin collaterālis, equivalent to col- col-1 + laterālis lateral

collaterality [koh-lat-uh-ral-i-tee] , collateralness, noun
collaterally, adverb
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
collateral (kɒˈlætərəl, kə-)
 
n
1.  a.  security pledged for the repayment of a loan
 b.  (as modifier): a collateral loan
2.  a person, animal, or plant descended from the same ancestor as another but through a different line
 
adj
3.  situated or running side by side
4.  descended from a common ancestor but through different lines
5.  serving to support or corroborate
6.  aside from the main issue
7.  uniting in tendency
 
[C14: from Medieval Latin collaterālis, from Latin com- together + laterālis of the side, from latus side]
 
col'laterally
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

collateral
late 14c., "accompanying," also "descended from the same stock," from O.Fr. collateral, from M.L. collateralis "accompanying," lit. "side by side," from L. com- "together" + lateralis "of the side," from latus "a side" (see oblate (n.)). Lit. sense of "parallel, along the
side of" attested in Eng. from c.1450.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

collateral col·lat·er·al (kə-lāt'ər-əl)
adj.

  1. Indirect, subsidiary, or accessory to the main thing.

  2. Having an ancestor in common but descended from a different line.

n.
  1. A branch of a nerve axon or blood vessel.

  2. A collateral relative.


col·lat'er·al·ly adv.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

collateral definition


Property or its equivalent that a debtor deposits with a creditor to guarantee repayment of a debt.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
And while the game allows players to use drones, they don't do collateral
  damage.
Individually and collectively, they were frequently used as collateral in all
  kinds of business transactions.
In one such instance, it was used as collateral for a cache of diamonds that
  failed to materialize.
In addition, candidates should have a strong collateral focus and expertise in
  an important area of auditory perception.
Image for collateral
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