collateral

[kuh-lat-er-uhl]
noun
1.
security pledged for the payment of a loan: He gave the bank some stocks and bonds as collateral for the money he borrowed.
2.
Anatomy.
a.
a subordinate or accessory part.
b.
a side branch, as of a blood vessel or nerve.
3.
a relative descended from the same stock, but in a different line.
adjective
4.
accompanying; auxiliary: He received a scholarship and collateral aid.
5.
additional; confirming: collateral evidence; collateral security.
6.
secured by collateral: a collateral loan.
7.
aside from the main subject, course, etc.; secondary: These accomplishments are merely collateral to his primary goal.
8.
descended from the same stock, but in a different line; not lineal: A cousin is a collateral relative.
9.
pertaining to those so descended.
10.
situated at the side: a collateral wing of a house.
11.
situated or running side by side; parallel: collateral ridges of mountains.
12.
Botany. standing side by side.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English (< Anglo-French) < Medieval Latin collaterālis, equivalent to col- col-1 + laterālis lateral

collaterality [koh-lat-uh-ral-i-tee] , collateralness, noun
collaterally, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
collateral (kɒˈlætərəl, kə-)
 
n
1.  a.  security pledged for the repayment of a loan
 b.  (as modifier): a collateral loan
2.  a person, animal, or plant descended from the same ancestor as another but through a different line
 
adj
3.  situated or running side by side
4.  descended from a common ancestor but through different lines
5.  serving to support or corroborate
6.  aside from the main issue
7.  uniting in tendency
 
[C14: from Medieval Latin collaterālis, from Latin com- together + laterālis of the side, from latus side]
 
col'laterally
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

collateral
late 14c., "accompanying," also "descended from the same stock," from O.Fr. collateral, from M.L. collateralis "accompanying," lit. "side by side," from L. com- "together" + lateralis "of the side," from latus "a side" (see oblate (n.)). Lit. sense of "parallel, along the
side of" attested in Eng. from c.1450.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

collateral col·lat·er·al (kə-lāt'ər-əl)
adj.

  1. Indirect, subsidiary, or accessory to the main thing.

  2. Having an ancestor in common but descended from a different line.

n.
  1. A branch of a nerve axon or blood vessel.

  2. A collateral relative.


col·lat'er·al·ly adv.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

collateral definition


Property or its equivalent that a debtor deposits with a creditor to guarantee repayment of a debt.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
What regulators need is to become creative with personal collaterals borne by
  risk takers.
It receives collaterals from the medial lemniscus and the pyramidal bundles.
Its terminals and collaterals end either directly or indirectly among the motor
  cells of the anterior column.
As this axon traverses the granular layer it gives off fine collaterals, some
  of which run back into the molecular layer.
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