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collet

[kol-it] /ˈkɒl ɪt/
noun
1.
a collar or enclosing band.
2.
the enclosing rim within which a jewel is set.
3.
a slotted cylindrical clamp inserted tightly into the tapered interior of a sleeve or chuck on a lathe to hold a cylindrical piece of work.
4.
Horology. the tiny collar that supports the inner terminal of a hairspring.
verb (used with object), colleted, colleting.
5.
to set (a gem or other stone) in a collet.
Origin
1520-1530
1520-30; < French, equivalent to col neck (< Latin collum) + -et -et
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for collet

collet

/ˈkɒlɪt/
noun
1.
(in a jewellery setting) a band or coronet-shaped claw that holds an individual stone
2.
(mechanical engineering) an externally tapered sleeve made in two or more segments and used to grip a shaft passed through its centre when the sleeve is compressed by being inserted in a tapered hole
3.
(horology) a small collar that supports the inner end of the hairspring
verb
4.
(transitive) (jewellery) to mount in a collet
Word Origin
C16: from Old French: a little collar, from col neckband, neck, from Latin collum neck
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for collet
n.

1520s, from French collet "little collar," diminutive of col "neck," from Latin collum (see collar (n.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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