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colonize

[kol-uh-nahyz] /ˈkɒl əˌnaɪz/
verb (used with object), colonized, colonizing.
1.
to establish a colony in; settle:
England colonized Australia.
2.
to form a colony of:
to colonize laborers in a mining region.
verb (used without object), colonized, colonizing.
3.
to form a colony:
They went out to Australia to colonize.
4.
to settle in a colony.
Also, especially British, colonise.
Origin
1615-1625
1615-25; colon(y) + -ize
Related forms
colonizable, adjective
colonizability, noun
colonization, noun
colonizationist, noun
colonizer, noun
intercolonization, noun
intercolonize, verb, intercolonized, intercolonizing.
recolonization, noun
recolonize, verb (used with object), recolonized, recolonizing.
uncolonize, verb (used with object), uncolonized, uncolonizing.
well-colonized, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for colonized
  • Historically, those countries were colonized and exploited by the rich nations.
  • Plants and animals have gradually re-colonized parts of the blown-down forests and mud-filled valleys.
  • Mammals are born with sterile digestive tracts, which are quickly colonized by bacteria, generally from their mothers.
  • When the platforms were at sea level they were colonized by mollusks.
  • We walk on two legs, carry around enormous brains and have colonized every corner of the globe.
  • Neighboring plankton species colonized one tank via the wind but not another.
  • Because a new study finds that it's our body temperature that keeps us from being widely colonized by fungi.
  • But you want those spaces to be rapidly colonized by the next generation of corals.
  • The alien had colonized a bit of my lung as well as quite a bit of my lymph node.
  • The moon isn't a place that should be colonized, in fact it's not suitable for colonization.
British Dictionary definitions for colonized

colonize

/ˈkɒləˌnaɪz/
verb
1.
to send colonists to or establish a colony in (an area)
2.
to settle in (an area) as colonists
3.
(transitive) to transform (a community) into a colony
4.
(of plants and animals) to become established in (a new environment)
Derived Forms
colonizable, colonisable, adjective
colonization, colonisation, noun
colonizer, coloniser, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for colonized

colonize

v.

1620s, "to settle with colonists," from stem of Latin colonus "tiller of the soil, farmer" (see colony); in sense "to make another place into a national dependency" without regard for settlement there by 1790s (e.g. in reference to French activity in Egypt or British work in India), and probably directly from colony.

No principle ought ever to be tolerated or acted upon, that does not proceed on the basis of India being considered as the temporary residence of a great British Establishment, for the good government of the country, upon steady and uniform principles, and of a large British factory, for the beneficial management of its trade, upon rules applicable to the state and manners of the country. [Henry Dundas, Chairman of the East-India Company, letter, April 2, 1800]
Related: Colonized; colonizing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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