commandment

[kuh-mand-muhnt, -mahnd-]
noun
1.
a command or mandate.
2.
(sometimes initial capital letter) any of the ten commandments.
3.
the act or power of commanding.

Origin:
1200–50; Middle English com(m)and(e)ment < Anglo-French, Old French com(m)andement. See command, -ment

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World English Dictionary
commandment (kəˈmɑːndmənt)
 
n
1.  a divine command, esp one of the Ten Commandments of the Old Testament
2.  literary any command

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

commandment
mid-13c., "an order from an authority," from O.Fr. comandement, from L. *commandamentum, from *commandare (see command). Pronounced as four syllables until 17c.
"Of þe x commandements ... þe first comondement is þis, O God we ssul honuri" (c.1280).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
We are sure that they received the commandment to go and teach all nations.
Either way misunderstands the commandment, and cannot by reason motivate one to
  obey it.
One commandment is that you must always tell the truth.
One way or another, the casinos and the gaming commission justify the first
  commandment of gambling: the house always wins.
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