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commissariat

[kom-uh-sair-ee-uh t] /ˌkɒm əˈsɛər i ət/
noun
1.
any of the major governmental divisions of the U.S.S.R.: called ministry since 1946.
2.
the organized method or manner by which food, equipment, transport, etc., is delivered to armies.
3.
the department of an army charged with supplying provisions.
Origin
1600-1610
1600-10; < Neo-Latin commissāriātus, equivalent to Medieval Latin commissāri(us) commissary + -ātus -ate3; (def 1) < Russian komissariátNeo-Latin, as above
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for commissariat

commissariat

/ˌkɒmɪˈsɛərɪət/
noun
1.
(in the former Soviet Union) a government department before 1946 Now called ministry
2.
  1. a military department in charge of food supplies, equipment, etc
  2. the offices of such a department
3.
food supplies
Word Origin
C17: from New Latin commissāriātus, from Medieval Latin commissāriuscommissary
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for commissariat
n.

c.1600, in Scottish law, "commissary court," from French commissariat, from Medieval Latin *commissariatus, from commissarius (see commissary). Military use is from 1779. In reference to the USSR, "ministry," from 1918.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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