commissariat

commissariat

[kom-uh-sair-ee-uht]
noun
1.
any of the major governmental divisions of the U.S.S.R.: called ministry since 1946.
2.
the organized method or manner by which food, equipment, transport, etc., is delivered to armies.
3.
the department of an army charged with supplying provisions.

Origin:
1600–10; < Neo-Latin commissāriātus, equivalent to Medieval Latin commissāri(us) commissary + -ātus -ate3; (def 1) < Russian komissariátNeo-Latin, as above

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World English Dictionary
commissariat (ˌkɒmɪˈsɛərɪət)
 
n
1.  Now called: ministry (in the former Soviet Union) a government department before 1946
2.  a.  a military department in charge of food supplies, equipment, etc
 b.  the offices of such a department
3.  food supplies
 
[C17: from New Latin commissāriātus, from Medieval Latin commissāriuscommissary]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

commissariat
c.1600, in Scottish law, "commissary court," from Fr. commissariat, from M.L. *commissariatus, from commissarius (see commissary). Military use is from 1779. In ref. to USSR, "ministry," from 1918.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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