commune of paris

commune

3 [kom-yoon]
noun
1.
a small group of persons living together, sharing possessions, work, income, etc., and often pursuing unconventional lifestyles.
2.
a close-knit community of people who share common interests.
3.
the smallest administrative division in France, Italy, Switzerland, etc., governed by a mayor assisted by a municipal council.
4.
a similar division in some other country.
5.
any community organized for the protection and promotion of local interests, and subordinate to the state.
6.
the government or citizens of a commune.
8.
the Commune, Also called Commune of Paris, Paris Commune.
a.
a revolutionary committee that took the place of the municipality of Paris in the revolution of 1789, usurped the authority of the state, and was suppressed by the National Convention in 1794.
b.
a socialistic government of Paris from March 18 to May 27, 1871.

Origin:
1785–95; < French < Medieval Latin commūna (feminine), alteration of Latin commūne community, state, orig. neuter of commūnis common

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
commune1
 
vb (usually foll by with)
1.  to talk or converse intimately
2.  to experience strong emotion or spiritual feelings (for): to commune with nature
 
n
3.  intimate conversation; exchange of thoughts; communion
 
[C13: from Old French comuner to hold in common, from comuncommon]

commune2 (kəˈmjuːn)
 
vb
chiefly (US) (intr) Christianity to partake of Communion
 
[C16: back formation from communion]

commune3 (ˈkɒmjuːn)
 
n
1.  a group of families or individuals living together and sharing possessions and responsibilities
2.  any small group of people having common interests or responsibilities
3.  the smallest administrative unit in Belgium, France, Italy, and Switzerland, governed by a mayor and council
4.  the government or inhabitants of a commune
5.  a medieval town enjoying a large degree of autonomy
 
[C18: from French, from Medieval Latin commūnia, from Latin: things held in common, from commūniscommon]

Commune (ˈkɒmjuːn)
 
n
1.  See Paris Commune
2.  a committee that governed Paris during the French Revolution and played a leading role in the Reign of Terror: suppressed 1794

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

commune
c.1300, from O.Fr. comuner "to make common, share," from comun (see common).

commune
1792, from Fr., "small territorial divisions set up after the Revolution," from M.Fr. commune "free city, group of citizens," from M.L. communia, orig. neut. pl. of L. communis, lit. "that which is common," from communis (see common). The Commune of Paris usurped the government
during the Reign of Terror. The word was later applied to a government on communalistic principles set up in Paris in 1871. Adherents of the 1871 government were Communards.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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