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compensate

[kom-puh n-seyt] /ˈkɒm pənˌseɪt/
verb (used with object), compensated, compensating.
1.
to recompense for something:
They gave him ten dollars to compensate him for his trouble.
2.
to counterbalance; offset; be equivalent to:
He compensated his homely appearance with great personal charm.
3.
Mechanics. to counterbalance (a force or the like); adjust or construct so as to offset or counterbalance variations or produce equilibrium.
4.
to change the gold content of (a monetary unit) to counterbalance price fluctuations and thereby stabilize its purchasing power.
verb (used without object), compensated, compensating.
5.
to provide or be an equivalent; make up; make amends (usually followed by for):
His occasional courtesies did not compensate for his general rudeness.
6.
Psychology. to develop or employ mechanisms of compensation.
Origin
1640-1650
1640-50; < Latin compēnsātus (past participle of compēnsāre to counterbalance, orig., to weigh together). See com-, pensive, -ate1
Related forms
compensatingly, adverb
compensator, noun
noncompensated, adjective
noncompensating, adjective
precompensate, verb (used with object), precompensated, precompensating.
recompensate, verb (used with object), recompensated, recompensating.
subcompensate, verb (used with object), subcompensated, subcompensating.
uncompensated, adjective
uncompensating, adjective
well-compensated, adjective
Synonyms
1. remunerate, reward, pay. 2. counterpoise, countervail. 5. atone.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for compensated
  • Eventually, the colony admitted the trials were a mistake and compensated the families of those convicted.
  • One of the ways in which he compensated for the loss of his family was interaction with people.
  • However, this is compensated for by having lightning fast gear and an organized and experienced crew.
  • Fishermen are compensated for the return of these fish to the wild.
  • Other fascinating details include where the samurai lived, the weapons they used, and how they were compensated for their work.
  • The adults, however, compensated for the displacement and took up a heading for their traditional winter quarters.
  • Eventually, the colonial government acknowledged that the trials were a mistake, and compensated the families of those convicted.
  • Partners could cash out and other employees could more easily be compensated with stock.
  • Other such speakers have reportedly been well-compensated for appearing at the group's events.
  • Bottlenecks would show up fast enough and could be compensated by the driver.
British Dictionary definitions for compensated

compensate

/ˈkɒmpɛnˌseɪt/
verb
1.
to make amends to (someone), esp for loss or injury
2.
(transitive) to serve as compensation or damages for (injury, loss, etc)
3.
to offset or counterbalance the effects of (a force, weight, movement, etc) so as to nullify the effects of an undesirable influence and produce equilibrium
4.
(intransitive) to attempt to conceal or offset one's shortcomings by the exaggerated exhibition of qualities regarded as desirable
Derived Forms
compensatory (ˈkɒmpɛnˌseɪtərɪ; kəmˈpɛnsətərɪ; -trɪ), compensative (ˈkɒmpɛnˌseɪtɪv; kəmˈpɛnsə-) adjective
compensator, noun
Word Origin
C17: from Latin compēnsāre, from pensāre, from pendere to weigh
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for compensated

compensate

v.

1640s, "to be equivalent;" 1650s, "to counterbalance, make up for," from Latin compensatus, past participle of compensare "to weigh one thing (against another)," thus, "to counterbalance," from com- "with" (see com-) + pensare, frequentative of pendere "to weigh" (see pendant). Meaning "to recompense, remunerate" is from 1814. Related: Compensated; compensating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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