Why was clemency trending last week?


[kom-puh n-sey-shuh n] /ˌkɒm pənˈseɪ ʃən/
the act or state of compensating, as by rewarding someone for service or by making up for someone's loss, damage, or injury by giving the injured party an appropriate benefit.
the state of being compensated.
something given or received as an equivalent for services, debt, loss, injury, suffering, lack, etc.; indemnity:
The insurance company paid him $2000 as compensation for the loss of his car.
Biology. the improvement of any defect by the excessive development or action of another structure or organ of the same structure.
Psychology. a mechanism by which an individual attempts to make up for some real or imagined deficiency of personality or behavior by developing or stressing another aspect of the personality or by substituting a different form of behavior.
Origin of compensation
1350-1400; Middle English compensacioun < Latin compēnsātiōn- (stem of compēnsātiō), equivalent to compēnsāt(us) (see compensate) + -iōn- -ion
Related forms
compensational, adjective
noncompensation, noun
precompensation, noun
procompensation, adjective
subcompensation, noun
subcompensational, adjective
3. recompense, payment, amends, reparation; requital, satisfaction, indemnification. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for compensation
  • Many of these heroes are volunteers, who receive no compensation for their efforts.
  • The bank also monitored the pipeline construction and arranged compensation for farmers along the route.
  • They want cleanup costs and compensation for cancer and other illnesses they suffer.
  • Perhaps the invigorating climate of the mountain camp was compensation for material deficiencies.
  • He cannot accomplish it without something in the nature of compensation.
  • It has come to our attention that certain persons feel that executive-compensation packages have been unduly awarded.
  • Despite his generous compensation, he is sufficiently ungrateful to let it be known that he would be happier working elsewhere.
  • Cows that develop brisket disease respond similarly, but their body's compensation is too aggressive for their own good.
  • Meanwhile the top management pulls down hefty compensation packages.
  • All that would be required would be a program with a variable change compensation chart.
British Dictionary definitions for compensation


the act or process of making amends for something
something given as reparation for loss, injury, etc; indemnity
the automatic movements made by the body to maintain balance
the attempt to conceal or offset one's shortcomings by the exaggerated exhibition of qualities regarded as desirable
(biology) abnormal growth and increase in size in one organ in response to the removal or inactivation of another
Derived Forms
compensational, adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for compensation

late 14c., "action of compensating," from Latin compensationem (nominative compensatio) "a weighing one thing against another, a balancing," noun of action from past participle stem of compensare (see compensate). Meaning "what is given in recompense" is from c.1600; meaning "amends for loss or damages" is from 1804; meaning "salary, wages" is attested from 1787, American English. The psychological sense is from 1914.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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compensation in Medicine

compensation com·pen·sa·tion (kŏm'pən-sā'shən)

  1. A process in which a tendency for a change in a given direction is counteracted by another change so that the original change is not evident.

  2. An unconscious psychological mechanism by which one tries to make up for imagined or real deficiencies in personality or physical ability.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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